16 - Belgium - Educational/vocational guidance, education/employment links


The second cycle degrees generally enable the practice of a profession.

In 2001, the employment rate of university education graduates was 50.5%, but it varied according to the domain.

The university institutions have progressively implemented various initiatives with a view to publicising employment opportunities and assisting graduates in finding a job.

Companies that wish to reinforce their scientific and technological potential can hire and train young researchers with financial help from the Walloon Region.

Hautes Écoles

Overall, school-to-work transition for the young is marked with precariousness. It takes place progressively, often implying passage through several precarious statuses and involuntary loss of employment, and very rarely leads directly to a classic, full-time, stable job. The evolution of school-to-work transition is different according to the diploma.

The institutions offering long-type higher education provide a wealth of knowledge and know-how that is recognised by the business world. The rate of non-employment at the end of this sort of training is low: in 2001, the employment rate for long-type non-university higher education graduates was 61.7%, but only 28.0% for short-type non-university higher education. The quality of long-type higher education leads graduates to aspire to recognition of their qualifications through university education, in particular the possibility of having access to doctorates.

Art colleges

Artistic higher education provided in art colleges prepares for the practice of various trades in the artistic sector. It also prepares for teaching the various artistic disciplines in lower or upper secondary education (agrégédegrees).

 Architecture colleges

Higher education provided in architecture colleges prepares for practice of the profession of architect.

Eurydice - the information network on education in Europe

Date: 2009
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