In Estonia, the higher education system has two branches: study is
carried out in the academic and the professional higher education
branch. Since the academic year 2002/2003, the general structure of the
academic branch has three levels. The first level is Bachelor’s study
and the second level is Master’s study. The third and the highest level
is Doctoral study.
In case of medical training, veterinary
training, pharmacist training, dentistry training, architectural
studies, civil engineering studies and teacher training for general
teachers, study is based on integrated curricula of Bachelor’s and
Professional higher education is similarly to Bachelor’s study the first study level of higher education.
of respective studies on each level of higher education is considered
the graduation from an educational institution. A person who has
completed Bachelor’s or Master’s study has the right to continue his or
her studies as stated in legislation. The completion of study based on
the integrated curricula of Bachelor’s and Master’s study also results
in the grant of a Master’s level degree.
Master’s study and Doctoral study are provided in universities. It is
possible to study according to the professional higher education
curriculum in an institution of professional higher education, in an
educational institution forming a part of the structure of a university
and, as an exception, in a vocational school kutseõppeasutus
acting on the basis of secondary education. An institution of
professional higher education is an educational institution where,
according to a decision of the Government of the Republic and under
certain conditions, also Master’s level studies ca be carried out.