Italy - Introduction
Higher education aims at promoting science progress and supplying the necessary scientific culture for
the professional practice.
The whole higher education sector in Italy underwent a reform process to align itself with the European
model outlined through the following European agreements: Sorbonne (1998), Bologna (1999), Prague
(2001), Berlin (2003) and Bergen (2005). According to the European prospect, the reform of the Italian
higher education system provides a system subdivided into three separate sectors:
non-university higher education offered by the Higher level Arts and Music Education system
higher technical education and training and non-university higher
education offered by other institutions.
University is the seat of education and critical transmission of knowledge; it systematically combines
research and teaching and assures their freedom. University management is based on the principles of
autonomy and responsibility. Universities have adopted new autonomy statutes which establish their
governing bodies (rector, Senato Accademico, board of management) as well as their teaching and
research structures. The university carries out its institutional aims, like teaching and scientific
research, through faculties, courses, departments (188.8.131.52.2.), institutes and service centres.
The Afam system is made up of the following institutions (6.5.1.): Academies of Fine Arts, the National
Academy of Drama, Higher institutes for Artistic Industries (ISIA), Conservatoires, the National Dance
Academy and officially recognised music institutes. Such educational institutions are the principal seats
of high level education, specialization and research in the art and music sector and they carry out
correlated activities. They have legal status and statutory, teaching, scientific, administrative, financial
and accounting autonomy.
The Higher technical education and training ( IFTS) aims at a quick insertion of students into the labour
market. IFTS courses are destined to young people and adults who, after having obtained a diploma,
want to obtain a specialization corresponding to high level qualifications and specific professional
skills. IFTS courses last from two to four semesters and release a specialisation certificate.
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