Higher education is in Norway defined as education and training provided at universities, specialised
university institutions, university colleges, university colleges of arts, other public university colleges
and private higher education institutions.
Since the Quality Reform of 2002, higher education institutions offer 3-year bachelor’s degrees, 2-year
master’s degrees and 3-year Ph.D. degrees. A few study programmes are shorter than 3 years, there
are some consecutive five-year master degrees and some professional study programmes that last 6
Tertiary education also includes vocational colleges (ISCED 4), practical courses of training with
duration half a year to two years as alternatives to higher education. Vocational colleges are, however,
administered as part of upper secondary education.