Sweden - Introduction

country: Sweden

Higher education and research take place at 14 state universities universitet and 22 state university colleges högskolor. There are also independently run higher education institutions with the right to award degrees.

Higher education is organized as courses that can be combined into study programmes, leading to the general university degrees. There are a number of tertiary study programmes leading to vocational qualifications.

Mainly as a result of the Bologna process, legislation for a three-cycle structure of higher education has been adopted and is applied since 1 July 2007. The new structure replaced the former system and is the only structure for all higher education (HEIs). This improves international comparability of Swedish education in accordance with the Bologna process. The former degree system has been reformed and structured to fit the new three-cycle system.

Higher education is financed through state grants to the individual institutions based on the number of students and their achievements with varying amounts of remuneration for the various educational areas. Parallel with the state-funded institutions for higher education there are a number of independent institutes, of which some are not grant-aided and charge fees.

The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education (Högskoleverket) evaluates the higher education institutions. Evaluations of subjects and programmes leading to a general or vocational qualification and postgraduate programmes are evaluated every six years. The authority decides on rights to award degrees.


Högskoleverket (The Swedish National Agency for Higher Education)
Box 7851 Box 7851, S-103 99 STOCKHOLM Sweden
Tel.:+46-8-563 085 00
Fax:+46-8-563 085 50
E-mail:  hvs@hvs.se
Website:  http://www.hsv.se

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Date: 2009
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